How to Choose Arrows for your Bow?

There is a greater emphasis on the use of arrows in archery than on the use of bows. The arrows, not the bow, are responsible for hitting the target. An arrow of high quality is more important than a bow of high quality, but how do you choose your arrow?

There is a lot to cover in this post, but I am confident that by the end of it, you will be able to select arrows much more easily.

 The course will begin with some very basic information. Then we will gradually move on to more complex topics, and by the end, you will have a clear understanding of how to find the right arrow for your bow.

Read Also: Best Recurve Bow

Best types of Arrows that you can choose:

A discussion of the materials that are used to make arrows is presented here. The most common materials used to manufacture arrows are wood, aluminum, carbon, and an aluminum/carbon mix.

1: Aluminum

Beginners will benefit greatly from these, but more experienced archers will also benefit from them. The cost of these arrows is usually higher than that of wooden arrows, but they are usually less expensive than those of carbon. 

A variety of sizes and styles are available for target archery and hunting. They typically utilize screw-in tips that can be changed between bullet, field, and broad points. 

There is also the option of fletting them with feathers or plastic vanes. This type of arrow is slightly more durable than carbon arrows, making it an excellent selection for target archery in which the arrows are shot in groups and may interact with one another.

2: Carbon

In addition to being stiff, carbon arrows are a great match for heavier bows, particularly compound bows used for hunting.

Carbon arrows can also be manufactured to be very thin, which makes them more effective in penetration than thicker aluminum arrows.

It is not uncommon for them to splinter from time to time, which in turn requires them to be thrown away. Carbon arrows are often associated with a significant cost.

3: Wood

This is the original arrow! New archers will find these to be very cost-effective, however, they are not very durable. Their organic nature causes them to break, warp, and splinter. 

 The arrows are not uniform, so the differences between them are considerable, and each arrow flies differently. 

These are used by most traditional archers and longbow shooters, but are rarely used in competitive competitions. However, they are a great deal of fun to make, and you will find numerous archers crafting wooden arrows online.

Best Parts of Arrows:

Here are some of the best parts of the arrows. Without it, then it is impossible to accurately use the bow, either for hunting or defending yourself.

1: The Shaft

There are different lengths of arrows and different materials used to make them.  Each of these materials behaves differently and is used for different purposes. Wood, aluminum, carbon, or an aluminum-carbon mixture can be used for these purposes.

2: The Fletching Point

There are three vanes on the back of an arrow, usually made of feathers or plastic. Whenever two vanes are of the same color and a third vane is of another color, it is called an “index vane”.

3: The Nock

There is a slotted tip on the rear end of an arrow. Bowstrings typically have a plastic “nocking point” that fits snugly.

4: The Arrow Head

Material for the arrowhead was defined in the upper list. This head is necessary for every arrow to perform its function. Without, these heads, you can not use these arrows in your bows accurately.

Best features in arrows:

1: Length of the Arrow

A longer arrow will require a stiffer shaft. Imagine you have a wooden pointer, such as the kind that teachers used to point at chalkboards.

 You would probably not be able to bend that wooden point if it were three feet long. If it were 100 feet long, how would it look? Holding it makes it easier to visualize it bending. There is a strong correlation between the length of the arrow and its bending ability.

2: Weight of the Arrow

The more draw weight the bow has, the stiffer the arrow you should use, and the less draw weight, the weaker the arrow you should use.

 If you were to use a high-poundage bow and shoot a very weak arrow, the arrow would wiggle and shoot inaccurately (and would be quite dangerous to you while you are shooting it). 

The arrow would not bend very much if you shot it with a low-poundage bow and a stiff arrow.

3: The materials and size of the Arrow

We have already discussed these materials earlier in this article.  Among the materials used to create these products are wood, aluminum, and carbon.

4: The weighted point at the end of the Arrow

Something is fascinating about this. Your arrow’s tip weight plays a big role in how much it bends. Assume you are holding one of those styrofoam pool noodles, and you are using it to push over a paper cup half-filled with water. 

There would be a spill, wouldn’t there? Imagine that you are pushing a bowling ball with the same pool noodle. The bowling ball will not move, and the pool noodle will bend. A similar concept applies to the point on your arrow. 

This is one of the most important aspects of purchasing an arrow. A broad head on the end of your arrow is particularly dangerous if you are a hunter. 

5: Tip of the Arrow

It is kind of fascinating to learn about this. Your arrow’s tip weight has a significant impact on how much it bends. Consider this scenario: You are holding a styrofoam pool noodle, and you are pushing a half-full paper cup over with it.

 It would fall over, wouldn’t it? Take that same pool noodle and imagine you are trying to push a bowling ball with it. The bowling ball will not move, and the pool noodle will bend.

 The same concept applies to the point of your arrow. The broad head on the end of an arrow is an extremely important component of an arrow purchase, especially if you are a hunter.

Main steps for choosing Arrows for your bow:

1: Choose the best grain

 Each company and arrow will have a different grain. An arrow’s weight is measured here. To find a lighter arrow, you should search for one with the same spine, but a lower grain. 

A perfectly weighted arrow will fly straightest and fastest. An arrow that is too light may not be able to penetrate. An arrow that is too heavy will begin to arc downwards.

2: Select the sharpest tips

Target archery and small game hunting use field tips. Your targets will be ripped apart by broadheads, which are designed to destroy deer, elk, bears, and other large mammals.

 There are several types of blunts, including judo heads, which are specially designed for hunting small game.

3: Use Correct sized nocks

Various types of nocks are available, including press-fit, pin, over-nock, and conventional nocks. Here are some important details regarding these nocks.

  • The diameter of an arrow shaft is used to measure the diameter of press-fit nocks. To make it stay, they are slid on and pressed into place. A .166-inch diameter is suitable for G and F nocks. The diameter of the X and A nocks is .204 inches (0.518 cm). Both the H and the H.E. have a .234 diameter. .244 is the diameter of S nocks. A GT nock fits inside a .246-diameter hole.
  • A pin nock attaches to an aluminum pin installed at the end of the shaft. When another arrow hits the arrow, it is protected from being damaged. There is a standard size for all pin nocks.
  • Over-nocks are attached to the shaft by sliding them on. Sizes vary between companies. The Easton X10 over-nocks are compatible with all X10 arrows, for instance. Carbon arrows commonly use these.
  • Swages are aluminum cones on the end of traditional nocks. You can attach the nocks by using glue to attach them to the shaft according to their size.

4: Stiffing your Arrow

The stiffness of your arrow can be seen here. Your arrows should be stiffer the higher the draw weight of your bow.

 Unless this number matches, your arrow will either flop and bend too much or not propel itself off the string. Each arrow manufacturer will have a different spine chart.

5: Attach index Vane

When shooting recurves, this is the odd-colored vane/fletch that should point between your riser (grip) and your arm. 

In the case of compounds, this depends on the bow. The index vane cannot be positioned in this direction with some arrows. However, it will not harm your accuracy.


How do I know what arrows to buy for my bow?

To determine the appropriate arrow length, take your draw length and add 0.5 inches, up to a maximum of 1 inch. If your draw length is 28 inches, you should receive arrows with a maximum length of 29 inches. As a result, you will have an arrow that is just long enough to clear the front part of the arrow shelf.

What is the best arrow weight for my bow?

An average hunting arrow should weigh between 6 and 8 grains per pound of bow weight, with lighter bows perhaps even closer to 9 to 10 grains per pound. The average is 60 lb. Bows should be in the 360- to 480-grain range, weighing 70 pounds. While the archery bows should weigh between 420 and 560 grains.

What does arrow size 400 mean?

A 400-grain arrow traveling at 170 feet per second has enough energy to harvest a mature deer, according to Easton. There is no doubt that many kid’s bows are capable of shooting such a light arrow at speeds greater than 170 fps, and I have seen such rigs walk-through deer with ease.


The following article tells you all the major stuff you need to know about choosing the arrows for your bows. This can help you in both hunting the prey and defending yourself from wild predators.

Here in this article, we told you about the main parts of arrows and their features of arrows. Moreover, the main steps help you to choose the best arrows for your bows.

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